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Cyclades Island Complex
Category: Island
Prefecture: Cyclades
Address: Greece
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Cyclades Island Complex



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cyclades Prefecture
Íïìüò Êõêëaäùí
Location of Cyclades Prefecture in Greece
Periphery South Aegean
Capital Ermoupoli
Population 119,549 (2005)Ranked 29th
Area 2,572 km² Ranked 23rdh
Population density 46.5/km²Ranked 34th
Number of municipalities 20
Number of communities 11
Postal codes 84x xx
Area codes 228x0
Licence plate code ÅÌ
ISO 3166-2 code GR-82

The Cyclades (Greek Êõêëaäåò) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. They are one of the island groups which constitute the Aegean archipelago. The name refers to the islands around (êõêëuò) the sacred island of Delos.

The Cyclades comprise about 220 islands, the major ones being Amorgos, Anafi, Ándros, Antiparos, Delos, Ios, Kéa, Kimolos, Kythnos, Mílos, Mykonos, Náxos, Páros, Folegandros, Serifos, Sifnos, Sikinos, Síros, Tínos, and Santorini (Thira). Most of the smaller islands are uninhabited.

Ermoupolis, on Síros, is the chief town and administrative center of the prefecture.

The islands are peaks of a submerged mountainous terrain, with the exception of two volcanic islands, Milos and Santorini (Thera). The climate is generally dry and mild, but with the exception of Naxos the soil is not very fertile: agricultural produce includes wine, fruit, wheat, olive oil, and tobacco. Cooler temperatures are in higher elevations and mainly do not receive wintry weather. In transportation, the Cyclades is the only prefecture in Greece that is not linked with a state-maintained highway or a highway number. All of the roads in the island complex are secondary or provincial.

* 1 History
o 1.1 Archaeology
* 2 Area codes
* 3 Municipalities and communities
* 4 Notes
* 5 Further reading
* 6 External links


Main article: Cycladic civilization
Main article: Cycladic art

The significant Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Cycladic culture is best known for its schematic flat female idols carved out of the islands' pure white marble centuries before the great Middle Bronze Age ("Minoan") culture arose in Crete, to the south: these figures have been looted from burials to satisfy a thriving Cycladic antiquities market since the early 20th century.

A distinctive Neolithic culture amalgamating Anatolian and mainland Greek elements arose in the western Aegean before 4000 BCE, based on emmer wheat and wild-type barley, sheep and goats, pigs, and tuna that were apparently speared from small boats (Rutter). Excavated sites include Saliagos and Kephala (on Keos) with signs of copper-working, Each of the small Cycladic islands could support no more than a few thousand people, though Late Cycladic boat models show that fifty oarsmen could be assembled from the scattered communities (Rutter), and when the highly organized palace-culture of Crete arose, the islands faded into insignificance, with the exception of Delos, which retained its archaic reputation as a sanctuary through the period of Classical Greek civilization.


The first archaeological excavations of the 1880s were followed by systematic work by the British School at Athens and by Christos Tsountas, who investigated burial sites on several islands in 1898 - 1899 and coined the term "Cycladic civilization". Interest lagged, then picked up in the mid-20th century, as collectors competed for the modern-looking figures that seemed so similar to sculpture by Jean Arp or Constantin Brancusi. Sites were looted and a brisk trade in forgeries arose. The context for many of these Cycladic figurines has been mostly destroyed and their meaning may never be completely understood. Another intriguing and mysterious object is that of the Cycladic frying pans. More accurate archaeology has revealed the broad outlines of a farming and seafaring culture that had immigrated from Asia Minor ca 5000 BCE. Early Cycladic culture evolved in three phases, between ca 3300 - 2000 BCE, when it was increasingly swamped in the rising influence of Minoan Crete. The culture of mainland Greece contemporary with Cycladic culture is termed Helladic.

In recent decades the Cyclades islands have become extremely popular with European and other tourists, and as a result there have been problems with erosion, pollution, and water shortages.

[edit] Area codes
Satellite image of the Cyclades
Satellite image of the Cyclades

22810 - Syros, including Kythnos, Serifos and Syros islands
22820 - Andros
22830 - Tinos
22840 - Paros and Sifnos islands
22850 - Amorgos and Naxos islands
22860 - Folegandros, Ios, Santorini and Sikinos islands
22870 - Kimolos and Milos
22880 - Kea Island
22890 - Mykonos

[edit] Municipalities and communities
Municipality YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code
Amorgos 3101 840 08 22850-2
Andros 3103 845 00 22820-2
Ano Syros 3105 841 00 22810-8
Drymalia 3107 Chalkeio Naxou 843 02 22850
Ermoupoli 3109 841 00 22810-2
Exomvourgo 3108 Kampos 842 00 22850-5
Ios 3112 840 01 22860-9
Kea 3113 Ioulis 840 02 22880-2
Korthio 3115 Ormos Korthiou 845 02 22820-6
Kythnos 3117 840 06 22810-3
Milos 3118 848 00 22870-2
Mykonos 3119 846 00 22890-2
Naxos 3120 843 00 22850-2
Paros 3123 844 00 22840-2
Poseidonia 3124 841 00 22810-4
Santorini 3111 847 00 22860-2
Serifos 3125 840 02 22810-5
Sifnos 3127 840 03 22840-3
Tinos 3129 842 00 22830-2
Ydrousa 3130 Gavrio 845 01 22820-7
Community YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code
Anafi 3102 840 09 22860-6
Antiparos 3104 840 07 22840-6
Donousa 3106 843 00 22850-5
Folegandros 3131 840 11 22860
Irakleia 3110 843 00 22870-7
Kimolos 3114 840 04 22870-5
Koufonisi 3116 843 00 22870-7
Oia 3121 847 02 22860-7
Panormos 3122 842 01 22830-3
Schoinoussa 3128 843 00 22870-7
Sikinos 3126 840 10 22860-5

See also: List of settlements in the Cyclades prefecture

Places near Cyclades Island Complex

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Sifnos 377 hits
A surprisingly green island for the Cyclades, Sifnos offers a good variety of peace and quiet and things to do. Even though it is a popular island, both amongst Greeks and foreigners, it has maintained its originality and is resisting the commercialisation many other islands have suffered. The locals on Sifnos live off agriculture, the natural source of aluminium and tourism, while the olive trees grow almost everywhere. A striking feature of this island is the many churches: there is a church for each day of the year, and most of them are only open on that day. The capital of the island is called Apollonia, after its ancient patron god, and here there is an art museum. The old part is called Artemonas where might have been a temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis here. Kastro is the old capital, and the Venetian citadel here dates back to the 14th century. There is a small archaeological museum and the village is worth a visit as well. Panagia Vouno, (The virgin of the Mountain) is a fascinating church that is usually open in the mornings. The monastery of the Virgin Mary of the Golden Well (Panagia Chryso-pigi) is situated just outside Faros and is open to the public. The icon of the Virgin here is said to have healing powers. The days on Sifnos are best spent relaxing by the sea, and perhaps taking a few long walks. The best beaches are at Faros, but Kastro and Platys Gialos are also to be recommended. In Kamares there is a beach as well, but the sand is not as fine. Chersonissos is a lovely bay and Vathy is nice and quiet. For those interested in nightlife, bars will be found in Apollonia and a couple of discos also open during high season.
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Syros 373 hits
Syros, the capital of the Cyclades islands, located in the heart of the Aegean Sea, is known from ancient times as the homeland of the philosopher Ferekides, the teacher of Pythagoras. Hermoupolis, the capital of Syros, a peaceful creation of the Greek revolution of 1821, is a lively monument of stately Neoclassical buildings of distinguished architectural beauty, influenced by Western European design. Ano Syros, a city from the Middle Ages, was built on a hill above today