Μέρη κοντινά με Σπηλιές στο Μάρμαρο
Tarra is mentioned by many ancient writers as a small but strong and independent town. It used to have its own currency coins on one side depicting the Cretan mountain goat and an arrow and on the other side a bee.
Agia Roumeli is a very special and unique place with its genuine cretan background. It has strong character and soul surrounded by breath taking, wild mountains and a long beach of fine pebble by the clear Libyan sea. In Agia Roumeli and its surroundings you can relax, you can switch off the outside world. You almost forget it exists. Here you can watch all the stars, the galaxies. The natural geographical position of Agia Roumeli aids this tranquil sensation.
At the present on the beach, there are hotels, rooms for rent and taverns. Best time to visit Agia Roumeli is in the summer months. The season extends from April to October when the temperature range is from 25-38 degrees. Agia Roumeli is connected with Sfakia, Loutro & Sougia, Paleochora only by ship, from where you can return to Chania. If you do not wish to cross all of the distance of Samaria gorge to approach Agia Roumeli, you can do it by sea by motorboat.
The coastal path from Agia Roumeli village to Agios Pavlos beach (east) leads further to Agios Ioannis village and Marmara-Loutro area.
Αγιά Ρουμέλη. Παραλιακό χωριό που ευρίσκεται στην έξοδο του φαραγγιού της Σαμαριάς.
Η λέξη προέρχεται από τους Άραβες και έχει την έννοια Ελληνικά νερά ή Ρωμαίικα νερά. Το χωριό είναι κτισμένο κοντά στην αρχαία πόλη Τάρρα.
Αποτελεί δημοτικό διαμέρισμα μαζί με την Παλαιά Αγία Ρουμέλη και έχει 125 κατοίκους(2001).
Tarra or Tarrha was an ancient city of western Crete, near Samaria Gorge, at Agia Roumeli village. It is near the sea, on the hill, on the left bank of the stream bank. It was probably established in the Classical period and was very important religious centre. The city flourished in the Greco-Roman period. There was the cult of Apollo Tarraios. There were found parts of his temple. Tarra in frequently cited in the ancient sources. Although it was small town, Tarra had its own coins. The coins have the head of Cretan wild goat, arrow, and bee. Tarra had monetary union with Elyros, Yrtakina and Lissos. The coins belong to the 3rd and 2nd century BC, when Tarra became member of the Republic of Cretans. The city had established a colony of the same name in the Caucasus. It is also believed that Tarra of South Italy was another colony of the city. It probably founded Lampa, also on Crete.In 1415, Buondelmonti detected in the ruins of the Temple of Apollo, an inscription in Greek that was saying: “Peel your shoes, cover your head and come in.” A similar inscription was found at the Temple of Matala. The custom of entering the temple without shoes is ancient. Apollo, after the murder of Python, went to Tarra, where there were done purgatorial rituals by priest Karmanoras. According to Pausanias, Apollo “in the house of Karmanor, Apollo made love with nymph Akakallidi”. The nymph gave birth to twins, Phylakides, and Philanders. A goat fed them. Therefore, the Elyrians presented to Delphi bronze goat feeding to infants. In Tarra, there were glassworks workshops.It was the birthplace of the author Lucillus of Tarrha or Loukillos. He commented on the Argonautics by Apollonios of Rhodes. Chrysothemis, a lyre player, son of Karmanor, who won at the Pythian festival, was from Tarra as well. Tarra is one of the city that signed decree with Eumenes B’ in 170 BC. Robert Pashley was the first who detected the location of the city. In the area, there was found stone stele with inscribed double axe. It is exhibited at the Archaeological Museum of Chania.
Immediately after the beautiful beach of Kalogeros (800m west of Agia Roumeli) and after 500m you find Fournoti beach, a well-secluded beach, which stands out for the cave in the center. The area is accessible only by boat. The beach area is protected by the Bern Convention, since this sprout yellow flowers (Hypericum aciferum). Here you will find a unique two-storey cave-shaped "A".
Hiking from Agia Roumeli to Sougia
The route from Sougia to Agia Roumeli is reasonably well waymarked with E4 signs and cairns, but is a difficult 1 or 2-day walk (total 12 hours), and water can be a problem. March and April is maybe the best season and not too hot, and there is water at the bottom of Tripiti Gorge. Stay overnight on Domata beach, then early next morning move over to Agia Roumeli (about 4hrs - difficult walk)
Sougia - Tripiti Gorge-beach 4,5 hours
Tripiti - Domata beach 3 hours
Domata beach - Agia Roumeli village 4,5 hours