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Agios Nikolaos
Category: Church
Prefecture: Lassithi
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Agios Nikolaos




Places near Agios Nikolaos


Kalo Chorio
Kalo Chorio 2443 hits


Kalo Horio is a village close to the known holiday village Istron and 11km southeast from Agios Nikolaos City in Lassithi prefecture. When the Eastern sun East daily shines on the land, the places and the people, its rays bless the hallowed ground and bestow upon it innumerable virtues. Every waking day, this blessed place of Kalo Chorio relates and reconnects its existence with the sun and the sea, the mountain, the forests and the plain, to its people and their spirited ways. 

Its natural environment, its visual impact, and its physical beauty remain unchanged as many centuries ago. The people of Kalo Chorio are bound up with nature and their land, and from Minoan times they have fought and lived with the unique conditions that the wonders of nature has bestowed upon their bountiful place.

Even today we see the same great effort, the same positive outlook, the same striving of the people for the best.The people of Kalo Chorio are generous and hospitable, possessing a calm yet decisive soul, with a rare purpose that aspires to quietly achieve the progress of the area as well as their own, just as the quiet waves of the Mirambello seashore caress the northern end of the fertile plain of Kalo Chorio with its white foam.The well-known archaeological history of the place starts with settlements from the Minoan era found over a large area. Between 1910 and 1912, the American archaeologist Edith Hall uncovered the un-named small agricultural and cattle-breeding settlements on Brokrastre Hill. Next to here there is the settlement of Istrona, which has retained its name over many centuries (from the 6th century B.C. until the 18th century A.D.).

More details have been made available from the 1834 census, when Istrona had 20 Christian and 4 Muslim families. In Roman times until the 9th century, when the Saracen Arabs reveled in their destruction of all Crete, Istron, later called Istronas, became the only main settlement in the area. A ruined ancient Greek temple is found near Pirgos, which might reveal some elements of the history of the place during its excavations. It could have been a temple dedicated to Bachuus (Dionisus), and thereafter the church of Saint Sergios, as has been reported by historians.

In the Venetian era, the entire valley was cleared and was desolate until 1450-1500A.D., when it was planted with olive trees and covered with watermills. It was in 1639 that the area was first called Kakon Chorion (euphemistically) because of the unfavourable climate and the malaria which was dredged up from the stagnant flood waters in the Kalochorian plain. From 1680-1720 it appears that the new settlement "Arnikos"was inhabited. From these olden times, it seems that Istronas was the Pirgos of today.

From 1867, Kalo Chorio was a community settlement belonging to the Local Council of Kritsa, until 1925. During the years of Turkish domination between 1669-1898, Kalo Chorio was abound with stories of adventures between the local inhabitants and the Turks. In recent times, the agrarian and tourism industries have been developing, which will hopefully continue as this place is deserving of such progress.The well-known archaeological history of the place starts with settlements from the Minoan era found over a large area.Between 1910 and 1912, the American archaeologist Edith Hall uncovered the un-named small agricultural and cattle-breeding settlements on Brokrastre Hill. Next to here there is the settlement of Istrona, which has retained its name over many centuries (from the 6th century B.C. until the 18th century A.D.).

More details have been made available from the 1834 census, when Istrona had 20 Christian and 4 Muslim families.In Roman times until the 9th century, when the Saracen Arabs reveled in their destruction of all Crete, Istron, later called Istronas, became the only main settlement in the area. A ruined ancient Greek temple is found near Pirgos, which might reveal some elements of the history of the place during its excavations. It could have been a temple dedicated to Bachuus (Dionisus), and thereafter the church of Saint Sergios, as has been reported by historians.

In the Venetian era, the entire valley was cleared and was desolate until 1450-1500A.D., when it was planted with olive trees and covered with watermills. It was in 1639 that the area was first called Kakon Chorion (euphemistically) because of the unfavourable climate and the malaria which was dredged up from the stagnant flood waters in the Kalochorian plain.

From 1680-1720 it appears that the new settlement "Arnikos"was inhabited. From these olden times, it seems that Istronas was the Pirgos of today.

From 1867, Kalo Chorio was a community settlement belonging to the Local Council of Kritsa, until 1925. During the years of Turkish domination between 1669-1898, Kalo Chorio was abound with stories of adventures between the local inhabitants and the Turks. In recent times, the agrarian and tourism industries have been developing, which will hopefully continue as this place is deserving of such progress.Kalo Chorio now has 1125 inhabitants in its four settlements. The hotels and many rental apartments in the extensive area of Istron and Forti accommodate thousands of visitors every year. During recent years, the local inhabitants, together with their agricultural activities, have been actively involved in tourism, and in the Arts and Literature, and have gained an enviable reputation in matters of culture and athletics.

These include The Cretan and Popular Dance Academy, and their admirable Cretan nights, and sports activities in particular, football, where the youth of Kato Horio have been playing a leading part since 1982 in Lassithi football with their local team, A.S. Pirgos.This place has been bound together by its country churches with their history and legends and festivals, and by popular stories about the Turkish agas and local heroes, about Venetian rulers and millers, about wonderful clergymen and monks, and with memories of feasts lasting over many days from the golden days of the past.

ΔΗΜΟΤΙΚΟ ΣΧΟΛΕΙΟ ΚΑΛΟΥ ΧΩΡΙΟΥ ΜΕΡΑΜΒΕΛΛΟΥ ΛΑΣΙΘΙΟΥ
ΔΗΜΟΤΙΚΟ ΣΧΟΛΕΙΟ ΚΑΛΟΥ ΧΩΡΙΟΥ ΜΕΡΑΜΒΕΛΛΟΥ ΛΑΣΙΘΙΟΥ 2443 hits

ΔΗΜΟΤΙΚΟ ΣΧΟΛΕΙΟ ΚΑΛΟΥ ΧΩΡΙΟΥ ΜΕΡΑΜΒΕΛΛΟΥ ΛΑΣΙΘΙΟΥ

ΝΗΠΙΑΓΩΓΕΙΟ ΚΑΛΟΥ ΧΩΡΙΟΥ
ΝΗΠΙΑΓΩΓΕΙΟ ΚΑΛΟΥ ΧΩΡΙΟΥ 2439 hits

Νηπιαγωγέιο Καλού Χωριού Μεραμβέλλου Λασιθίου