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Kos is an island of majestic beauty, lying in the centre of the Dodecanese chain in the Aegean Sea. ("Dodecanese" in Greek means "twelve islands"). Lying north west of Rhodes and south east of continental Greece, Kos is the third largest of the Dodecanese Islands after Rhodes and Karpathos. Besides its natural beauty and its breath taking golden sandy beaches, Kos is steeped in monuments, remnants from its glorious past, dating from antiquity, the Byzantine Era and Venetian times up to the present. Kos is basically a large, long narrow plain and measures 290.27 square kilometres, with the obvious exception of a mountainous region in the north west of the island. This region comprises of a series of peaks, the tallest of which is Dikaio Christo (which in Greek means "The Just Christ"). A castle of the Knights of the Order of St. John still survives on one of the many peaks of Dikaio near Thimiana. The shores are gently caressed by the waters of the Karpathian Sea. Kos' coastline stretches to 112 km. Kos is a Greek province which also includes the smaller islands of Nissyros, Giali, Pergoussa, Kandeliousa, Pahia and Strogili. The city also has a cathedral, one of the four in the entire Dodecanese. The islanders make their living from fishing, animal farming, and agriculture but by far the tourist trade has taken over. Kos has become a modern centre of extremely well maintained holiday apartments, hotels, restaurants, bars, night clubs and organized excursions. Kos has so much to offer that it can cater to each individual taste for an unforgettable holiday.