Places near Spring Water
Byzantine little church
This is a small Byzantine bath of 7.60 x 3.00 m, which has been turned into a church dedicated to St. Vasileios. The establishment and operation of the bath are evidently connected with the Episcopal Basilica of the nearby village of Pano Episkopi. This restored bath does not have the richness of ceramic decorations that is preserved in the other two bathrooms in Episkopi, Ierapetra and in Kato Episkopi, but its construction should not be dated far from the other two.
ΤΜΗΜΑ ΔΟΚΙΜΩΝ ΑΣΤΥΦ. ΣΗΤΕΙΑΣ
A large, three-aisled dome-roofed basilica, this church was likely built on the site of an Early Christian basilica. The nave is dedicated to the Nativity of Mary, and the aisles are dedicated to Saint John the Baptist and Saint George.
This grandiosely sized basilica is 16.50 meters long and was built on the location of a larger early-Christian church, which was discovered during excavation work when the adjacent streets were widened. The typology of the church in conjunction with the name of the settlement must undoubtedly be correlated with the presence of a bishop. Moreover, the church bears a Venetian Coat of Arms and has been referred to as the summer seat of a Latin Bishop in the years of the Venetian rule. Τhe arkosolium (funerary monument) at the western end of the northern wall appears to be associated with the Middle Byzantine phase of the church, and with the burial of an important person in the ecclesiastical hierarchy inside it. The eastern ends of both side aisles are currently dedicated as chapels to Saint Georgios and Saint John the Baptist.
It was inhabited in ancient times and sherds of the Early Minoan period were found inside, as well as the bones of humans and other mammals.
The cave consists of a small chamber from which a sloping gallery descends some 40 m into the hillside, with many naturally decorative features, and hollows filled with water. Not far away is the Megalo Katofygi cave. It has an opening 3,20 m wide and consists of two chambers, the first of which is 24 m deep and 12 m wide and the second 42 m deep and 11 m wide. The second chamber has four bays in one of which there is a big pool of water. The entire course inside of the cave is almost 100m.From the book "Sitia", N.Papadakis, Archaeologist,1983